The ultimate target of afferent auditory information is the auditory cortex although the auditory cortex has a number of subdivisions a broad distinction can be made between a primary area and peripheral or belt areas the primary auditory cortex a1 is located on the superior temporal gyrus in the temporal lobe and receives point to point input from the ventral division of the medial . The auditory cortex is the part of the brain that processes sensory information in the form of sound while the area is not directly or completely responsible for the hearing it is essential to processing and understanding sounds. The auditory cortex is the most highly organized processing unit of sound in the brain this cortex area is the neural crux of hearing and in humans language and music the auditory cortex is divided into three separate parts the primary secondary and tertiary auditory cortex. Secondary auditory cortex aii which doesnt have clear tonotopic organisation but has an important role in sound localisation and analysis of complex sounds in particular for specific animal vocalisations and human language it also has a role in auditory memory the belt region surrounding ai and aii which helps to integrate hearing with
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