Vicente Rosales

Born in Jucuapa, Usulutan in 1894 and died in San Salvador, 1980. It is a precursor of social poetics in El Salvador, which is close to the avant-garde poetry that emerged in the late Salvadoran 50, however, that Modernist poetry Dariana started.

Of bohemian life and existential, his creative pursuits allowed to venture into new rhythms and images. Surpassed other poets of his time by an evolution that allowed him to see into the future. Poems that preceded the great poetry of social, one is "Winter", "Misty ideal, inert flesh ... / other vicuna wool gave ... / This winter, male death-/! how we eat nails! / they have extraordinary cases / of which whipped cold casualty; / these cases today are made the newspapers. /! Maybe tomorrow it relates to our own "(1928).

His first book Mermaids captive (Mexico, 1918), reveals its lineup to modernism, but studied music in his younger years, allowed him to find applications in his poetry. In a way he experiments to be finding his own voice.

It was poetry entirely devoted his life but wanted to test a theory of music in the word, the book Eutorpologio polytonal (San Salvador, 1938), which was only a second edition in 1972, but continued writing in the intermediate other books of poetry. It was also a regular contributor to newspapers there, for nothing, he published poetry that could not muster in a book. So his last work, written by the end of his eventful life, scattered pending a posthumous edition.

Ricardo Trigueros de León

Born in 1917 in Abroad and died in San Salvador in 1965. Poet, critic and journalist. It was mostly a precursor of later cultural activism that has been emerging as a civil movement for the rescue of the Salvadoran cultural identity, among which we could mention, a generation later, Italo Lopez and Roque Dalton Vallecillos, although levels literary creation had taken place between the last two and one, diametrical views about the role of the writer or the intellectual face of Salvadoran society.

Nevertheless, Trigueros de Leon could see the poor in the field needs of the country's culture, but his vision was a romantic, with many hints of sadness and melancholy in his work and conservative attitudes about life. He insisted on being the flower poet who sings a beloved feverish hands and cotton. That naive romanticism of prose poet, "sometimes Franciscan and humble," says Luis Gallegos Valdés and does not agree with his working life as a teacher of literature, or director of cultural sites and magazines, let alone the context of violence in the country. However, he could make an outstanding work as Director of Publications, Ministry of Education and Culture.

Very aware of the Latin American literary world, Trigueros de Leon was a severe critic, and from there, modernized editions of books and started a work to publish literary values ​​that had been overshadowed by the military dictatorship imposed in 1932 and only in the years 50 had open spaces to exercise certain freedoms of expression. Man of culture, which had traveled in Europe and the United States, Trigueros de Leon was a worthy renewal in the rescue of the word overshadowed by oppression. This was the maximum that could legarnos.

Oswaldo Escobar Velado

Born in Santa Ana, 1916, died in San Salvador in 1961. It, along with Alfredo Espino, Roque Dalton and Claudia Lars one of four poets of legend in El Salvador. A Veiled Escobar is responsible for initiating the vanguard movement in El Salvador. Romantic in his teens, Julio Herrera y Reissig was present in his poems, but with the discovery of Neruda that goes to the avant-garde.

Oswaldo poetry found in his best fight and was defeated before completing the work that desperate to write. It was difficult to find, hence its inequalities creative, sometimes disguised in a colorful explained that he was for being aimed at children, although she was aware that children would read it any time soon as a poet was prohibited. Close and inspirational father of "Generation Engaged," there was offering strength in his law office, reading his poems in progress, clutching a cigarette tireless, smiling child seeking approval to its radiant image.

Their friendship was closer to the poets who composed the University Literary Circle, and so he was approached by Roque Dalton. The two were scapegoats of a reality that wanted to change, both showed that poetry was able to do but never lose their fragility. Dalton, noting that poetry was not made only of words. Oswaldo, giving first place to the word, though combative, unarmed.

Matilde Elena Lopez, Salvadoran writer of the same generation of 44, and who knew the young Oswald, draws some peculiar features in E. V.: "It is the singer most identified with his people, stranger joined their struggle and their historical dramas ... this strange and sensitive boy, the last minstrel vagabond who returns from exile with a guitar in his hands to say their protest ". And then, the poet speaks, cited by M.E. Lopez: "Exile and prison taught me to love the little poet in me ...". Oswaldo began waving flags and Dalton are part of the drama which meant lack of civil rights and they thought it out with poetry, with weapons or without them.

Veiled Escobar's poetry was the most appropriate instrument for the jaws of his time in a society of gunfire and silence. Kind to follow the route of his teachers, who did not leave: Neruda, Nazim Hymettus, León Felipe, Miguel Hernandez, Vladimir Mayakovsky. Veiled Escobar then published his first book of social content: Revolt of the rebel blood (1945). Then write ten sonnets for a thousand and more workers and Tree of struggle and hope. And as {i, makes the most directly political poem in El Salvador, but was in later years he discovered his best poetry: "This board did not arrive / the ants and cockroaches / on the sugar. Here only the corn / cooked in the pot early / crying, hence dogs / left, evicted guests / when the rain came. "

Other works: Blue Earth where the deer cross, Patria accurate (Italo López Vallecillos prologue). UCA Editores, San Salvador, 1978.

Miguel Angel Espino

Born in 1902, Santa Ana, and died in San Salvador in 1968. Teacher and lawyer. He lived a long time in Guatemala and Mexico. He was educated in a family group composed of artists, brother and father. In his training as a teacher received the teachings of Vasconcelos's ideas, Alejandro Korn, Antonio Caso and Alfonso Reyes. Espino, Central America, represents the great movement of the novel that emerged in Latin America in past decades, the novel's naturalistic realism that gave great literary works of a world in gestation, where the jungle prevailed over the cities, or where simply cities had begun to be perceived, perhaps while they were only an extension of the overwhelming civilized geography. In this line of naturalism manners, containing Huasipungo, Dona Barbara, Don Segundo Sombra, to mention the most publicized, we find traces that followed Espino. No doubt he was influenced by the last two.

Espino, for reasons of prolonged illness, a stroke, could not continue his saga America. He silenced his literary word for long periods. So, between his first book (mythology Cuzcatlán, 1919) and his novel trains were more than thirty years. This novel was published in Santiago de Chile, (1940), and its second and latest novel, Men Against Death (1943), was published in Guatemala.

Salvador Espino is a classic, but it had to be hidden, no consensus had emerged that force him out of his darkened room. Sick, he chose silence.

Relative of poets, both his brother, Alfredo Alonso Espino and his father were poets. Miguel Angel at age 16 published his first book Cuzcatlán mythology, poetic recreations book on myths and legends of the Pipil Indians who populated. El Salvador, called intiguamente Cuzcatlán. As he writes later than sing (1926).

A stroke suffered in the late 40's not allowed to continue his work that loomed large scope, where he would meet Salarrué to bring together the saga of the submerged culture of El Salvador, a country of poets and storytellers scarce, However the inclination epic history. Espino is the writer who put the novel into a top place, but because it is the novel being written, by way of a complete work of all writers, not end, he did not approach the contributions to this conclusion, setting essential steps, such as poetic language about the plot, then they would masterfully José María Arguedas and Julio Cortazar, although in different dimensions of world, a sociological and philosophical reflections where the characters are a pretext to explain the spirit, history and geography of Latin America.

The effort is great, but the fictional world, the great vision fails to complete Hawthorn. And El Salvador, did have a novel in him, and his accountant had in Salarrué wonderful stories, ran out of the novel would have been expected in the years after the postwar period and would have enriched our literature.

Luis Gallegos Valdés

Nació en Salvador en 1917; murió en la misma ciudad en 1991. Pertenece al Grupo Seis, conocido como la promoción contsemporánea de la dictadura militar del General Martínez (1944), quien había gobernado el país desde 1932. Su libro Tiro al blanco (1952), de crítica interpretativa de escritores hispanoamericanos, es su obra más importante y más promovida fuera de las fronteras. Pero no cabe duda que el trabajo literario de casi toda su vida fue Panorama de la literatura salvadoreña (1958), publicado primeramente para una obra de cuatro volúmenes, del portugués Joaquim de Montezuma Carvalho, denominada Panorama das literaturas das Américas, en Nova Lisboa, África Occidental Portuguesa, actualmente Angola. Posteriormente con varias reediciones en El Salvador.

Se trata de una importante obra monográfica para conocer la fuente general de la literatura de El Salvador, considerándose como única en su género en el país. Abarca desde la época prehispánica hasta nuestros tiempos; en el curso de los años la fue renovando, hasta registrar las nuevas generaciones de la década del 80, inclusive aquellos que no han publicado libro alguno.

Sobre ello, Gallegos Vald{es afirma que, contra sus preferencias de dedicarse a autores relevantes en ensayos o estudios aislados de crítica literaria, optó por ampliar y dar a conocer a las nuevas promociones literarias. No cabe duda que el Panorama de la literatura salvadoreña está respaldado por un acucioso trabajo producto de disciplina y organización del estudio.

Juan Cotto

Born in the town of Suchitoto, 1900, San Salvador and killed in Mexico City in 1936. From a very young man left the country to settle in neighboring countries in search of a literary and poetic projection. His only book Songs of the Promised Land, is prefaced by José Vasconcelos.

Of verse and short poems can maintain a balance between the lyric poet from El Salvador and their aspirations for universal poetic themes. In the preface mentioned Vasconcelos was quoted by Luis Gallegos Valdés said: "The great insight of poet leads as in life, indifferent to immediate success, far from all unrighteousness, and caring nothing for the unique moments, sublime in the history of soul. " In his elaboration of fine poetry lyrical evocations of the earth find his birth as the "trio of Cuzcatlán" to those poems that express concern about externalizing the world frequently, both in Mexico and Guatemala, where he provide a framework aristocratic social subsisting at the time.

Juan Cotto was a great conversationalist, and drove the French language perfectly. For he has said the Guatemalan poet Manuel José Arce and Valladares: "All he exuded cleanliness ... enthralled listeners with no mean flow of culture ... I loved the art of Beethoven and, after speaking copiously from his music, he played clean master piano playing. ".

José María Peralta Lagos

Born in Santa Tecla, La Libertad Department, in 1873 and died in Guatemala 1944. General and engineer, he held positions in public administration, including the Minister of War.

It was known by the pseudonym of T. P. Mechin. This is a framed within realism author content manners and social criticism and political life.

Among other works he wrote Brochazos, Doctor and Trick Gonorreitigorrea laughing, all with obvious influence of the Spanish novel of its time. But the work that ranks as one of the initiators of the Salvadoran narrative is the death of the turtle. Of humorous content, use of double meaning and trenchant style, recounts the adventures of a journalist, his "chronicles of real events or fake," as the author himself points out in his preface the title above.

He also wrote a play: Candidate, which hosts the view of the election campaign of 1930 and 1931 that misrepresented the process, gave the basis for a dramatic and bloody events in the country, killing 32. "The mood of the moment Salvadoran, semi-urban, is achieved. The criticism of customs, especially the wealthy classes, have the unmistakable stamp of his caustic prose," according to López Italo Vallecillos in the preface to the seventh edition of Candidate exceptionally, to El Salvador, and a play and a writer of the time, spent more than seven editions.

Claudia Lars

Su verdadero nombre: Carmen Brannon. Nació en Sonsonate, en 1899 y murió en 1974. Hija de madre salvadoreña, padre norteamericano y abuelos irlandeses. Ella cantó la grandeza de sus cosas pequeñas a medida que fue saliendo de los claustros de monjas, donde hizo sus estudios. En este tiempo ya admiraba a un poeta, que poco después llegó a conocer, al nicaragüense Salomón de la Selva, fino poeta y legendario soldado de la Primera Guerra Mundial y a quien posteriormente le dedicaría un hermoso poema, rememorando el día que casualmente lo conoció en un tren.

Enamorada de las cosas sencillas, las interpreta con soltura dentro del verso en endecasílabos y las liras. Ahí están los niños, la casa, la rosa y ciertas rememoraciones de la nieve, o algunos símbolos como el ángel, conceptos que, por lo demás, han sido tan comunes al romanticismo. Claudia Lars los recoge en una novedosa concepción del verso. Realidades queridas en su casa de campo en la provincia, a las que da identidad mágica y esplendorosa. Difícilmente se encuentra en sus poemas una caída, una debilidad de la forma.

Una combinación de la realidad cotidiana "noche" y "la comba de silencio" bajo el cual se percibe un "sollozo viejo", son imágenes sutiles que dan fuerza a la unidad sencilla concebida en el poema. La creación es un fin de la poesía misma pero en Claudia Lars, será una constante de su fuerza imaginativa. Una poesía, que pese a su época no se dejó seducir por el romanticismo tardío ni el modernismo decadente.

No cabe duda que le ayudó el conocimiento de la poesía del mundo; además, desde muy joven comenzó a viajar, lo cual enriquecía más sus percepciones. Estuvo en Guatemala, Costa Rica. Luego vivió en los Estados Unidas de cuya poesía se sintió tan atraída, aunque como trabajadora emigrante poco podía desplegar su presencia poética, aunque sí pudo aprender de dos grandes poetas: Emily Dickinson y Walt Withman. No escribía cuentos o ensayos. Ella aseveraba que los tiempos desesperados llaman a la poesía. Y no estaba equivocada, a su lado estaba Roberto Armijo, Alfonso Quijada, José María Cuéllar. Pensaba que algunas cosas no deberían estar relacionadas con la poesía, al sabernos que proveníamos del exilio o de las cárceles; no debíamos dejarnos cercar la palabra desde ningún punto de vista. Y también por eso, en su lirismo, aceptaba las imprecaciones en la poesía de la Generación Comprometida.

Eran los años finales del 70 cuando Claudia dirigía la Revista Cultura, del Ministerio de Educación. Aquí se encontró con los poetas jóvenes, ella gran seguidora de los clásicos de habla inglesa, y los jóvenes más emparentados con la poesía latinoamericana, desde Rubén Darío, hasta Pablo Neruda y César Vallejo.

Se sabía de Claudia como la segunda Juana de Ibarborou, o como la Alfonsina Storni; pero solo fue Claudia de Centroamérica, con ese lirismo que ella llamó "puro", pero que, como lo afirma en una entrevista con estudiantes de San Salvador, "es el poder y la habilidad de expresar poéticamente ideas, sentimientos, circunstancias, espacios, que otras personas no logran expresar bien." (Prólogo de Matilde Elena Fuentes, en Obras escogidas... op. cit., p. 99).

Claribel Alegría

Salvadoran writer, was born in Estelí, Nicaragua, in 1924, daughter of Nicaraguan father and Salvadoran mother, but from a very young he moved to El Salvador, one of whose cities, Santa Ana, spent his childhood and adolescence.

At the end of the decade of the 40 left the country bound for Europe where he lived for many years. After the Sandinista victory in Nicaragua, living in Managua, Nicaragua. It, along with Claudia Lars, one of the few female voices that stand out with its own weight in American literature and El Salvador. Cultivated poetry, novels, testimonial narrative and essay.

His poetry, poetry closer to the "outside" of the Nicaraguan poet and speaks English, is characterized by its directness, his lack of useless adjectives, their ability to synthesize and conversational tone, his clear sense of social criticism, interest in their people and country, identified with the one written by the writers of "Committed Generation," the 50's.

With one of his most representative books of poetry, survival, won the Casa de las Americas in 1978, Cuba. Roberto Armijo narrows the subject (Armijo, Culture 64): "It's not a poet Claribel Alegria gifts exuberant verbal, metaphorical amalgams. Their concept is coupled to a visual temperament, or balancing the game breaks out of touch, charm the ear, or intoxication of smell ... Almost nothing has changed the poetics of survival to their previous works. The only thing that appears to date and vehement, is an ardent, penetrating trial, claiming when it comes to the alienation of the Salvadoran reality " .

However, in the narrative where Alegria has a position high on the literature of his homeland. Since his first novel, Ashes of Izalco, written in collaboration with J. Darwin Flakoll, Biblioteca Breve Prize finalist of the Editorial Seix Barral and published by that publisher in 1966 in Barcelona. In his later stories as Wake me wide awake, and Luisa in the land of reality, or not catch me living, Claribel Alegría makes clear his own style of "telling" or "tell" that make it one of the best writers American literature.

Antonio Guevara Valdés

Born in San Salvador in 1845 and died in the same city in 1882. He was a lawyer, journalist and satirical poet. On one side is a public man of high office in government, and another remains in effect his intellectual work done by his journalistic work in the media that he founded: The Tribune (1878). It was a great debater, epigrammatic poet in which he developed his satirical fisga.

His tone was mocking and as such, according to John Philip Toruño in his literary development of the Salvador, was often empty, but his journalism was conceptualized, energetic and controversial texture. For Jorge Lardé and Larin, "was a privileged talent, sharp and bold thinker, literary critic, polemicist penetrating and furious" and David Escobar Galindo, is a "poet of circumstances which, according to the time, scattered in multiple activities and urgent. "His poetry, in a way it was a projection of his journalistic work. But all this does not deprive it of its value as a man of letters and debate, in force in national public life, witty and intelligent in the poetic conception.

School of manners, with inclination to the festive and satirical style, literature is part of a genre of the nineteenth century, which was gradually giving way to a more comprehensive expertise in the field of letters.

Alvaro Menén Desleal

Born in Santa Ana (1931-2000), storyteller, playwright and journalist, call Committed Generation of El Salvador, which began in 1950 raising debates and discussions of cultural in a medium for political reasons prevailing since 1932, and save a significant rebound in 1944, caused by the collapse of international fascism, had silenced the intellectuals . Committed Generation presents a review of the literary and intellectual values ​​of the past and has asked the previous generations about their ethical responsibility to society. Leading this group that emerges between 1950 and 1956 are, among others, and Italo Lopez Menendez Unfair Vallecillos, the latter as the most important theoretical renewal of that thought that awakens the passive environment, which was preceded by the movement of antifascist writers emerged in 1944, which pushed for the fall of the "tyrant of the age of thirteen," General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (1931-1944).

Menendez Faithless is debunker of traditional literature and myths of a literature that is released only in exceptional lyricism with closed eyes to the discussion of cultural or social problems. No dissenting voices and divergent, but for the poems that have begun to be written in 44. There is an accommodation to the micro-local manners, often supported by the Bohemian. Alvaro Menendez Leal, Alvaro Menendez later Unfair manages to integrate the avant-garde poetry that has just begun in El Salvador and whose young writers and intellectuals forged, make the subject and reality based national release to the media of expression and as a reason ethical to support a literary work whose motto is: The writer is a social behavior.

But Menendez Unfair as its search of the voice, finds a teacher outside the country's borders and unites their literature in this direction: Jorge Luis Borges, attaches and takes shelter in the shadow of the Argentine master, not as an imitator, but following it as a reference. Within this path is its narrative, especially short stories and wonderful work with which it begins to introduce in El Salvador science fiction, fantasy literature, the theme of death and of unreality. This work has subsequently continued in two more of his celebrated book of short stories: Making love in the bomb shelter and a nylon rope and gold.

In short, wonderful stories, the author, to be consistent with his teacher, Borges adds an epilogue that this letter supposedly addressed, real or fictitious, never mind, can be a dream to the extent the same stories in the book . This is his most contained in El Salvador, but also the most controversial because of his recreations were participants whose sources the reader. In any case, Menendez Unfair printed literary professionalism at work, where in the beginning, dominated poetry. After successfully venturing into the narrative the reader make an impact. They are also the years of starting point of the "boom" a pivotal moment for Latin American literature. But the author does not stop in the narrative, she also writes plays, and one has achieved international acclaim: Black Light (1967), a magical piece framed in the absurdity of the European theater, but plays in a certain premonitory nightmares later in the history of El Salvador, will be overcome by a dramatic reality almost twelve years of war.


As with Dario, Alfredo Espino was known as the child poet from El Salvador, although unlike the Nicaraguan poems failed to pass national barriers. Born in Ahuachapán, El Salvador, in 1900. Upon graduation attorney wrote a thesis on the sociology aesthetics.

Yet his short life was spoiled. Died in 1928 for unknown reasons, some researchers say it was suicide. It is the vernacular and bucolic poet, writes to the simple things admiring the scenery from a distance that can give the contemplative seclusion. It does so with full mastery of poetic forms, although he sometimes criticizes insensitivity to the social drama. But what can not be ignored by anyone is the simple and complete mastery of verse plays local reality and nature, Luis Gallegos Valdés says Espino's poetry is "a dose of idealization, yes, the burden of love and because these were the modes of time. "These images are like brush strokes that capture the color and freshness of nature, which makes a poet accessible to children and popular sectors. "We compare it with some Spanish lyric, we say that Gabriel y Galán is deeper, sadder Becquer, Espino more delicate" (Alfonso Maria Landereche, SJ). But while being a sentimental and romantic poet. His poems are made of heroic verse or eight syllable, usually in four-line verses and rhyme, verse and interspersed pairs. Rarely breaks the norm, as when he writes: "I've taken the soul and I tended / on a wall of oblivion / like a mantle of ivy." his only Sad gourd book, which was a posthumous collection of his poems (1930) published in newspapers and magazines, and then those published by family initiative. It remains a must-read book for Salvadorans.

Alberto Rivas Bonilla

Born in San Salvador in 1891, died in 1985. Medical profession, a poet from one book of sonnets and more dedicated to the narrative of humor, a genre that stands on par with other notable Salvadoran José María Peralta Lagos and also writes theater and journalism, also part of their the delivery time to teaching. Follow the line then it becomes in modernist romantic. A great connoisseur of Spanish literature, can not get out of certain fees not imposed by it, which gives rigor to their work, but also limits you in some way his language, which must be adhered to traditional norms. May contribute the failure never left the Salvadoran Academy of Language, of the Royal Spanish Academy, since its founding in San Salvador (1915). By not breaking with these rigors academicians and often formal causes, as we see in some writers, their literature has been unable to rise on a wider scope in time. But there is no doubt that this rigor also helped forge a young discipline, with some very generous to let you know some key to developing the literary vocation. "Sometimes I did feel a Renaissance poet in the pentameter agile and perfect sybaritic reality and fantasy, Anacreon and bold figures juices," said Juan Felipe Toruño it.


Salarrué, Salvador Salazar Arrue Ephraim (born October 22, 1899 in Sonsonate, El Salvador. Died November 27, 1975 in San Salvador, El Salvador) is a writer, poet and painter from El Salvador.

Known by the pseudonym of “Salarrué” (a derivation of his name), he is considered one of the greatest exponents of Salvadoran narrative, and one of the Founders of a new school of Latin American folkloric narrative (storytelling customs “). He was born in Sonsonate, on 22 October 1899, and died in San Salvador on November 27 1975. A poet, a painter and a writer, he has been considered the greatest exponent of cuzcatleca narrative. Salarrué was one of the Founders of the new Latin American fiction current. In his “Tales of Clay (” Clay Stories “) and” Tales of Cipot “(” Children Stories “), he manages to fully identify with the countryside, agricultural world, in a way unprecedented in Salvadoran narrative.

Hugo Lindo

Hugo LindoLittle is remembered now that Hugo Lindo, in 1953, took charge of directing the Editorial Department of the Ministry of Culture, the forerunner of the current Directorate of Publications and Forms, DPI, and that during his brief but intense administration initiated efforts to get the local machine that would breathe life into the first major publishing projects of the state institution.

For his protagonist and just link to the origins of IPR Salvadorans have a big debt with Hugo Lindo. But the public service performed within or outside the country, was just one facet of this integral humanism. It is in the broad area of Central America where we find the letters input without parallel, their indelible imprint

Abundant devotions, but devoid of altisonancias cyclical literature Hugo Lindo has the enduring features that make some real classic authors. It was his, after all, a vital mission for the word … ”

“Clavelia” is a book written by the author in 1936, ie when we have 19 years. This book is a Romancero. From here we extract:

He left without saying goodbye,
without shaking a handkerchief
and without looking back
dismissed by the hill.
As it reaches the
to withdraw presto,
without touching the door came
and vanished as soon as I
not escaped
or a sigh of my chest,
not because love is missing,
it for lack of time.
October shooting star
I had a moment his hands
mías between rough

October shooting star
it was lost on the hill
he left without saying goodbye,
without shaking a handkerchief.
Two lovers had
talk to him in silence.
Two of the same sin
sin to write poetry,
and I venture to say
that both were sincere.
He left without saying goodbye,
without shaking a handkerchief.
He and I despair
and cry on the hill …

He began publishing at a very young age. The Directorate of Publications and Forms CONCULTURA has collected in the volume of the Collection # 21 Origins of poetry Hugo Lindo, under the title “Tomorrow will be the surprise.” This is another classic worthy of being read and disseminated to future generations.

Article: Maribel Sanchez.
[email protected]


Historic Elhabitante - Possible publication of their lesser-known texts, with a street name and a day in his honor are some of the planesparacelebrar elcentenario birth Salvadoran diplomat Rodolfo Barón Castro (January 31 1909-1986).

For Salvadoreña Academy of History, Barón Castro has a special place in the development of historical research in the country. “When published in 1942 ‘The population of El Salvador’ was the first time that demographic history was in a Latin American country … he was a pioneer in this,” said Carlos Cañas Dinarte, a member of the institution.

“The population of El Salvador “, a national study on the demography since pre-Columbian times, colonial and national, is now an essential book to learn about this issue. Another important book is his” History of the town of San Salvador “(1950 ) and the biography of José Matías Delgado. The lawyer also departed for Spain in 1928 to work in the Foreign Service Salvadoreño imposed before and after the historical studies through its scientific methods for research, Cañas agrgó Dinarte.

Therefore, the Academy is planning a day of conferences, coninvitados-aúnnoconfirmados; the possible publication of certain articles were scattered, some on art appeared in magazines such as Spain and Tierra Firme Magazine Indies.

Also, ask the mayor of San Salvador called the Ninth Avenue North (passing in front of the House of Academies) Rodolfo Barón Castro, said the national history.

Activity prior to its centennial is the prize municipal Rodolfo Barón Castro socioculturalquecierra to research your call tomorrow.

Among other publications Salvadoran diplomat and historian in Spain are “Pedro de Alvarado” (1943), “Españolismoy antiespañolismo in Hispanic America. People from the Latin American Independence” (1950).

To adopt as a second home Spain, the library staff Barón Castro was there. He is currently in the Municipal Archives Moguer (Andalusia). by Adda Montalvo, El Diario de Hoy, Tuesday October 14 2008 [email protected]

Alberto Masferrer

Alberto Masferrer (1868-1932) - The humanist and writer Alberto Masferrer Salvadoran is known for works such as the minimum vital and damn money. Born July 24, 1868, in Joy, Usulután department. His father was the deputy Enrique Masferrer and Mrs Leonor Mónica. Since it was born out of wedlock, Don Alberto was the subject of prejudice and marginalization characteristic of the era.

His childhood and adolescence were random; her father entered a boarding school in San Salvador, which fled and then was expelled from it. Then he was sent to study in Guatemala, to another facility, which also escaped. After several trips to Central America, was devoted to teaching, a profession which gave the rest of his days. Back in El Salvador, led schools and public institutions.

The country was a republic of coffee with deep social contrasts and deep injustices of all kinds. Masferrer felt called to come up with solutions, from a humanistic and non-violently, to overcome the national crisis that was brewing. One of his great contributions to national journalism was the creation in 1928 of the newspaper Patria, which released its proposals for social reform. In the pages of Fatherland issued his thought, known as “vital” (not to be confused with the “vitality” of the Spanish philosopher Jose Ortega y Gasset), in which he advocated that each person will be guaranteed the minimum conditions for a decent life. This is the core of his great book The vital minimum, which asks: “Is it even possible to insure everyone in this nation of minimum life, without which there is any failure, any human creature degenerates and bestializa? Without doubt it is, since it is constantly in the family. Every family normally attends, first, to obtain and maintain for each member the Minimum Vital: for they all are fed, trbajane, dress, living in good conditions, to acquire an elementary education, and develop a following in any standard of fairness and justice.

In 1931, the candidate for the presidency by the Labor Party, Arturo Araujo, convinced him to support him on his campaign, offering to implement, if elected, the social reform agenda in the Minimum Vital. However, the experience was disappointing for Masferrer Araujo, who was only used to meet particular political ends. In January 1932, during the Indian uprising, Masferrer had to leave the country, which seriously damaged their health. He returned to the country prey to emotional paralysis and deterioration, in the face by the national tragedy that El Salvador was living. He died on September 4, 1932.

His work includes the autobiographical prose titled Baby-sitting, with trials in which explains his social thought as new ideas, What do we do, read and write and essay on the destination, the damned money, The Minimum Vital, and the short story A life in film. Alberto Masferrer belongs to such thinkers who always advocated the peaceful and rational solutions compared to the big national crisis. His thinking has been studied in great depth by the Salvadoran essayist Matilde Elena Lopez, particularly the work Masferrer, high thinker Central America.

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